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Saturday 18 November 2017
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Phthalate Free

Phthalates, or phthalate esters, are esters of phthalic acid and are mainly used as plasticizers (substances added to plastics to increase their flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity). They are used primarily to soften polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Phthalates are being phased out of many products in the United States, Canada, and European Union over health concerns. Phthalates are easily released into the environment because there is no covalent bond between the phthalates and plastics in which they are mixed. As plastics age and break down, the release of phthalates accelerates. People are commonly exposed to phthalates, and most Americans tested by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have metabolites of multiple phthalates in their urine.

The use of some phthalates has been restricted in the European Union for use in children's toys since 1999.[39] DEHP, BBP, and DBP are restricted for all toys; DINP, DIDP, and DNOP are restricted only in toys that can be taken into the mouth. The restriction states that the amount of phthalates may not be greater than 0.1% mass percent of the plasticized part of the toy. These phthalates are allowed at any concentration in other products and other phthalates are not restricted. There are no other specific restrictions in the European Union, although draft proposals have been tabled for the inclusion of BBP, DEHP, and DBP on the Candidate list of Substances for Authorisation under REACH.

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